**Quantum of Work**

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CPH Produces Bosons

Schema;

In quantum field theory, the formalism of the Standard Model, space-time is only a
background in which particles exist and interact. In General Relativity, space-time is
continuous. In the Quantum Space Time model, space-time points are discrete quantum
objects and particles are excited points. Nothing else exists. Although quantum field
theory is a powerful tool for dealing with particles and their interactions, it is not
designed to deal with entities at the point level and the Quantum Space Time model makes
little use of it.

In Theory of CPH gravity is a fundamental force.

Also Force and energy are equivalent. Force converts to energy and energy changes to
force. Energy is quantized, so gravity force is quantized. I will define a quantum of
gravity by according Planck Length in this paper.

Remember;

1- In relation E=mc^{2}=hf, suppose f=1, so mc^{2}=h, then; m=h/c^{2}.
Choice m=h/c^{2} the smallest quantum of mss (energy). It is equal;

m=h/c^{2}=7.36x10^{-49} kg

2- The Planck length is the scale at which classical ideas about gravity
and space-time cease to be valid, and quantum effects dominate. This is the ¡®quantum of
length¡¯, the smallest measurement of length with any meaning. And roughly equal to 1.6 x
10^{-35} m.

Definition of a quantum gravity force;

By according gravity produces energy and energy is quantized, so gravity force is
quantized. It is reasonable do use Planck Length lp for define a quantum of gravity force.

The quantum gravity force is the force it affects between two smallest quantum mass m=h/c^{2}.that
has a distance equal to the Planck length. It is equal:

F=Gmm/( l_{p})^{2}=1.41x10^{-37} N

In this article a quantum of gravity force calls Creation Particle Higgs
or CPH. It shows with F_{q}=1.41x10^{-37} N

The Principle of CPH:

CPH moves with constant straight speed Vc, in empty space and without any external forces
in all inertial frames. So that:

**grad V _{c}=0 in all inertial frames
and any space (1)**

The external forces can not increasing or decreasing the amount of speed of CPH. The external force is the factor that changing the route of movement of CPH from straight motion to other motion and vice versa. Any contact between CPH, they repel each other and absorb each other again. These interactions continue till distance between them reaches to near zero.

Matrix of electromagnetic wave

Suppose two CPH are moving with speed Vc , Distance between them is R.

We can choice two matrixes 2x2.

R is distance between tow CPH and ¨C R shows distance and its direction.

Torque1 is equal RxCPH. By according that;

**grad V _{c}=0 in all inertial frames
and any space**

CPH starts its rotation and find spin then graviton does find. We never
can CPH at linear speed Vc. in fact there is not any straight motion in nature.

CPH take spin and one of them takes right spin and other one takes left spin. Distance
between them decreases and their spin do increase. Any contact between CPH, they repel
each other and absorb each other again. This interaction continues and electromagnetic
wave appears. These interactions continue till distance between them reaches to near zero.
When R goes to near zero, the unit of energy does find. We call it CPH2, it means there
are two CPH. CPH2 has not spin.

Suppose there is a CPH that acts on CPH2, then CPH and CPH2 take spin. So, any
electromagnetic wave has spin, because they are not alone.

Distance between CPH2 and CPH goes to near zero and CPH3 does find. In the other word a
photon with frequency 3 does find. Also it has spin.

Choice two Matrixes nxn

Matrix of distance cross Matrix of CPH

Then interaction between them produces a lot of photons or other particle.

These productions depend to density of gravitons in space and interaction between other
bodies.

Production of photon

By according the size of a gamma photon and its energy, we can calculate the density of
CPH in structure of photon. A gamma photon produces a pair electron-positron. The diameter
of electron is less than 10^{-18} meter.

So, suppose volume of a photon is 2 time of electron¡¯s volume.

The density of CPH in structure of photon is equal;

Volume of gamma photon is about;

V=4.2x10^{-74} m^{3} and its energy is equal 10.2 MeV. So density of
energy r in structure of photon gives with;

¦Ñ_{E} =E/V=2.4x10^{80} eV/m^{3}

Space is full of gravitons. Gravitons have interaction between each other. They absorb and
work on each other and convert to electromagnetic wave. When they convert to photon, then
density of work (work and energy are same) reaches to;

¦Ñ_{E} =E/V=2.4x10^{80} eV/m^{3}. So, for space we
have;

Integral on work of CPH of zero to rE, E is electromagnetic energy.

In the other word integration of gravitons on each other is a projection to production
electromagnetic energy. Also the production of photon happens at light speed. So observer
never is able see photon at rest condition. In the rest condition photon decay and
produces other particles, (remember pair production).

A quantum of work;

By according the above and properties of CPH, CPH is able to produce all electromagnetic
waves. When density of CPH in electromagnetic wave reaches to density as light, light does
appear. If density of CPH reaches to density of gamma wave, we have gamma wave and so on.

We know work is equal of changing of energy. But energy is quantized, so work is quantized
and a quantum of work is equal;

W_{q}=F_{q}l_{p}

In usual case we can write;

**W=n F _{q}l_{p}**,

And n is an element of integer set z, cause work maybe zero or negative.

W is work, F_{q} is quantum of force and l_{p} is Planck Length.

With Best Regards

Hossein Javadi

Emails; javadi_hossein@hotmail.com

amir_javadi4@yahoo.com

Group;

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/cph_theory/

For more explain see;

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/cph_theory/files/CPH-Bosons.pdf