Quantum of Work


CPH Produces Bosons : By according CPH Theory and Planck Length I will define a quantum of gravity force that calls CPH. There is a fundamental force and it is CPH, only. And CPH does produce Electricity force and Nuclear force

In quantum field theory, the formalism of the Standard Model, space-time is only a background in which particles exist and interact. In General Relativity, space-time is continuous. In the Quantum Space Time model, space-time points are discrete quantum objects and particles are excited points. Nothing else exists. Although quantum field theory is a powerful tool for dealing with particles and their interactions, it is not designed to deal with entities at the point level and the Quantum Space Time model makes little use of it.
In Theory of CPH gravity is a fundamental force.
Also Force and energy are equivalent. Force converts to energy and energy changes to force. Energy is quantized, so gravity force is quantized. I will define a quantum of gravity by according Planck Length in this paper.

1- In relation E=mc2=hf, suppose f=1, so mc2=h, then; m=h/c2. Choice m=h/c2 the smallest quantum of mss (energy). It is equal;

m=h/c2=7.36x10-49 kg

2- The Planck length is the scale at which classical ideas about gravity and space-time cease to be valid, and quantum effects dominate. This is the ¡®quantum of length¡¯, the smallest measurement of length with any meaning. And roughly equal to 1.6 x 10-35 m.

Definition of a quantum gravity force;
By according gravity produces energy and energy is quantized, so gravity force is quantized. It is reasonable do use Planck Length lp for define a quantum of gravity force.
The quantum gravity force is the force it affects between two smallest quantum mass m=h/c2.that has a distance equal to the Planck length. It is equal:

F=Gmm/( lp)2=1.41x10-37 N

In this article a quantum of gravity force calls Creation Particle Higgs or CPH. It shows with Fq=1.41x10-37 N

The Principle of CPH:
CPH moves with constant straight speed Vc, in empty space and without any external forces in all inertial frames. So that:

grad Vc=0 in all inertial frames and any space         (1)

The external forces can not increasing or decreasing the amount of speed of CPH. The external force is the factor that changing the route of movement of CPH from straight motion to other motion and vice versa. Any contact between CPH, they repel each other and absorb each other again. These interactions continue till distance between them reaches to near zero.

Matrix of electromagnetic wave
Suppose two CPH are moving with speed Vc , Distance between them is R.
We can choice two matrixes 2x2.

image001.gif (4316 ×Ö½Ú)

R is distance between tow CPH and ¨C R shows distance and its direction.

image002.gif (7503 ×Ö½Ú)

Torque1 is equal RxCPH. By according that;

grad Vc=0 in all inertial frames and any space

CPH starts its rotation and find spin then graviton does find. We never can CPH at linear speed Vc. in fact there is not any straight motion in nature.
CPH take spin and one of them takes right spin and other one takes left spin. Distance between them decreases and their spin do increase. Any contact between CPH, they repel each other and absorb each other again. This interaction continues and electromagnetic wave appears. These interactions continue till distance between them reaches to near zero. When R goes to near zero, the unit of energy does find. We call it CPH2, it means there are two CPH. CPH2 has not spin.
Suppose there is a CPH that acts on CPH2, then CPH and CPH2 take spin. So, any electromagnetic wave has spin, because they are not alone.
Distance between CPH2 and CPH goes to near zero and CPH3 does find. In the other word a photon with frequency 3 does find. Also it has spin.

Choice two Matrixes nxn
Matrix of distance cross Matrix of CPH

image003.gif (12985 ×Ö½Ú)

Then interaction between them produces a lot of photons or other particle.
These productions depend to density of gravitons in space and interaction between other bodies.

Production of photon
By according the size of a gamma photon and its energy, we can calculate the density of CPH in structure of photon. A gamma photon produces a pair electron-positron. The diameter of electron is less than 10-18 meter.
So, suppose volume of a photon is 2 time of electron¡¯s volume.
The density of CPH in structure of photon is equal;
Volume of gamma photon is about;

V=4.2x10-74 m3 and its energy is equal 10.2 MeV. So density of energy r in structure of photon gives with;

¦ÑE =E/V=2.4x1080 eV/m3

Space is full of gravitons. Gravitons have interaction between each other. They absorb and work on each other and convert to electromagnetic wave. When they convert to photon, then density of work (work and energy are same) reaches to;

¦ÑE =E/V=2.4x1080 eV/m3. So, for space we have;

image004.gif (6204 ×Ö½Ú)

Integral on work of CPH of zero to rE, E is electromagnetic energy.
In the other word integration of gravitons on each other is a projection to production electromagnetic energy. Also the production of photon happens at light speed. So observer never is able see photon at rest condition. In the rest condition photon decay and produces other particles, (remember pair production).

A quantum of work;
By according the above and properties of CPH, CPH is able to produce all electromagnetic waves. When density of CPH in electromagnetic wave reaches to density as light, light does appear. If density of CPH reaches to density of gamma wave, we have gamma wave and so on.
We know work is equal of changing of energy. But energy is quantized, so work is quantized and a quantum of work is equal;

In usual case we can write;

W=n Fqlp,

And n is an element of integer set z, cause work maybe zero or negative.
W is work, Fq is quantum of force and lp is Planck Length.

With Best Regards
Hossein Javadi

Emails; javadi_hossein@hotmail.com

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