**Measure the space curved in the space of the earth .**

Author: Shu run zhang

**Abstract: If is material and space - time divide into two thing and
unitary research space-time, Now space - time is 4 dimensions, It is 4 dimensions that
general person is highly impossible to think of time. Because of the existence of
material, Decide to have space – time. Energy has 4 kinds of forms to exist，decide
time is 4 dimensions。Classical the theory of relativity think that material existence is
decided the nature of space – time. This paper think space - time is material exist
form. Space-time and material is a thing that cannot cut apart. This paper expound:
Measure the space curved in the space of the earth, Proof the theory of relativity is
correct. This paper exposition non-Mach space-time outlook. Measure the space curved in
the space of the earth.**

**Keyword: **four dimension time, Intuition relativistic,
Time-Space angle, super-acceleration, Maxwell's equations of the gravitation field.

**The material (energy) exist is inner factor, Space - time yes external factor,
Material( energy) and space - time is a same thing that cannot cut apart.
Universe model: Thanks to the stress of inside role, universe unceasing expansion, every
unit material mutual extruding, have no gap, do not have the place of without material. If
have gap in the universe， faraway spectrum of star will not have red shift.**

**PART 1 non-Mach space-time outlook**

** Explain with example non-Mach
space-time outlook now**

** CHAPTER 1 Special theory of
relativity**

Research natural world， First research motion of the
material。

A inertia object (m_{0}C^{2}) under the role of applied
force, Get kinetic energy (m_{0}V^{2}/2), make speed up motion, this
object now has total energy (m_{0}C^{2}+ m_{0}V^{2}/2), it
approximate is equal to m_{0}C^{2}/(1- V^{2}/C^{2})^{1/2}].A
object make speed up motion， lead to the energy of field (CP_{1，2，3})

inner total energy(m_{0}C^{2}+ m_{0}V^{2}/2), enlarge
external the unit of the time [t=t_{0}/(1- V^{2}/C^{2})^{1/2}].
Field energy(CP_{1，2，3 }) expression is empty space ( ),it is
three-dimensional time。 Artificial satellite is the best experiment tool， it can
verify Doppler frequency shift effect and Time expansion and Space - time bend. Rocket
promote satellite， satellite gets kinetic energy (m_{0}V^{2}/2), make
speed up motion. If satellite vertical ground go up sky， vertical ground is Z direction.
Satellite surmount the energy of the gravitation field (CP_{1，2，3})
must increase kinetic energy (m_{0}V^{2}/2)，(CP_{1，2，3})
,(CP_{1，2，3})direction is satellite motion direction.If
satellite sport direction and Z direction become included angle θ，is oblique fly. the
energy of the gravitation field (CP_{1，2，3})become (CP_{Z···
}cosθ)， if θ=π/2，CP_{1，2，3} =
0， satellite does not increase kinetic energy become uniform speed inertia motion now.
The total energy of the satellite has make origin time change t=t_{0}/(1- V^{2}/C^{2})^{1/2}，
three-dimensional time (·· cosθ)， the inner factor of
three-dimensional time

CP_{1，2，3}=
m_{0}C^{2}_{·}tgα= m_{0}C^{2} _{·}V/C(1-
V^{2}/C^{2})^{1/2}

Tee-dimensional time is , the expansion of 4 dimension times from two term compose：

Eq.1 is the time expansion correct value. Eq .1 reciprocal is Doppler frequency shift equation。The spectrum change that satellite sends， is change of the own time of the satellite， it and velocity of light have nothing to do with. The wavelength of light decide the size of unit time.

The satellite go up sky return， if do not consider the altitude effect, no matter satellite operation orbit is so complex，θ angle from 0 get to π，cosθtotal value is 0. Three-dimensional timedo not contribute，have only the expansion of origin timeThe time is not reversibility, The time of person And the time of the satellite Is synchronous on the satellite the clock and chemical reaction slowed all。The life of a person is the time of own。

**CHAPTER 2 General theory of relativity**

Gravitation field energy of a object around is different， the space-
time of each point the expression is also different, Space uses (1-φ)， time is
expressed with (1+φ) Generalized the theory of relativity call it "metric ",A
Point velocity “ metric" is (1-2φ)， in which: φ=kM/8πR。, The motion
velocity(V)of any object, must accept velocity" metric" restrict on this point,
velocity of this point is V·(1-kM/4πR)

**CHAPTER 3 The experiment proof satellite
method is correct**

**1**、In Hydrogen's canal ray Pipe， electrode discharge
produce hydrogen ion（H_{2}＋and

H_{3}）,
being accelerated and collimation in Strong electric field,）form fast motion Hydrogen's
canal ray. Is this kind of fast motion Hydrogen's canal ray as the light source of motion，
they project's spectrum line frequency and static's spectrum line frequency compare, can
get Doppler frequency shift of spectral line.[1]

**2、Doppler frequency shift effect in move the satellite **

Is temporary do not consider that acceleration move of the satellite, the frequency shift -in the satellite make the uniform sport of straight line are as effect as experiment of Hydrogen's canal ray.

Pass through Doppler frequency shift effect of the
radio wave that satellite sends,

We can judge completely direction and speed of the satellite flight.

Frequency change wavelength

best understanding.

**CHAPTER 4 The satellite acceleration sport- Maxwell's equations of
the gravitation field**

Have many persons put forward the magnetic field of the gravitation. A does the object that speeds up sport, produce side acceleration:

in which；**g** is gravity acceleration，**h**
is vertical gravity acceleration (**g**) side acceleration.

** **

The satellite make acceleration motion in gravitational field，certain
has one side acceleration **h**.

**CHAPTER 5 Analysis of the satellite motion orbit**

The rocket and the satellite always deflection amount

in which：∑L is the satellite operation whole journey；L_{加}
is satellite speed up the route of operation.

in which：

constant is
in the theory of relativity

M is the
quality of the earth

R is the
radius of the earth

0 is the radius of the earth6. 37·108cm, the longitudinal
coordinate is the distance altitude of the face of land the lateral coordinate is： 1-kM/4πR. The satellite make the uniform motion of straight line, do not produce frequency shift.
The satellite gets the influence of gravitation site, actually according to the curve in
picture motion. |

**PART 2 Measure the space curved in the space of the earth**

1.The theoretical foundation of the experiment.In Fig.5, This paper thinks that fill with material in the mesh. Every the mesh show a material basic unit， the space from infinite much cubic substance composition, from every basic unit composition the elastomer。Einstein think that complanate space - time press by the sun to bend.This paper think that the elastomer at the solar pressure, the elastomer internal stress spreads again， form elasticity the bend. Now theory turn to material mechanics. space fills with material， density is not same， All obey hooke's law in material mechanics, the deformation of space-time is the course of the stress-the strain. The satellite measure every point is space-time the self nature.

Fig.4

2 test equipment

an the generator of radio wave of high frequency

3 test scope

The around of the earth

4 test method

Pass through the frequency of radio wave that satellite transmit，
measure the satellite direction and the move speed of different point. the satellite make
acceleration motion in gravitational field，inevitable have h that vertical g
acceleration, make the satellite orbit deflection.

deflection angle:

In a word, analysis known curved orbit， reach the purpose that projects long-range rocket and satellite more accurately. The satellite orbit bends and light bend through solar surface is same reason.

**Postscript:**

America's the gravitation detector - B, though the gyroscope maintain high speed spin all
along， maintain angle datum, do not change， but can not remove the doubt of the
gyroscope's precession，still have the problem of magnetic field of Gravitation. The
people for result of measure is still continued argument.. Therefore I according to the
theory of 4- dimension times, use frequency shift law measure the space curved in the
space of the earth.

Reference material： [1] Special theory of relativity experiment foundation -

Yuan zhong zhang， 68-72 page

[2] forrootbasic.51.net/wytk/xtwzh/zhangshurun/zhangshurun.htm

2005/5

汉字题目: 地球周围空间弯曲的测量 张树润 zhanggg72@126.com

美国的“引力探测器-B”虽然陀螺仪始终保持高速自旋，保持角基准不变，但是排除不了陀螺的进动的疑问，还涉及到引力磁场问题。测量的结果还是让人们继续争论。因此本人根据“四维时间”的理论,用“频移法”来测量地球周围空-时的弯曲。